Budapest, Dec 16 (EFE) .- The Hungarian Prime Minister, conservative nationalist Victor Orbán, won three elections in 2014 and consolidated his power, but he saw a new opposition movement emerge when trying to introduce a tax on the use of the Internet.
Orbán’s party, the Fidesz, won with overwhelming majority the general, European and local elections, what the followers of the prime minister has interpreted as a carte blanche to continue with what he describes as the “construction” of the country.
This political change, initiated in 2010, has confronted Orban with the European Commission, neighboring countries, the press, Justice, civil society and foreign companies, which have accused him of acting in an authoritarian and undemocratic manner.
The most striking episode was an unusual diplomatic confrontation with the United States, which has barred the entry of several senior Hungarian officials, on suspicion of corruption.
While the fragmented and discredited left competes with the extremist Jobbik party for the status of second political force, far from the two-thirds majority of Fidesz, Orbán and his assure that the “construction” has been completed and that “consolidation” now begins of Hungary.
On the geopolitical side, Orbán accentuated this year its policy of “opening towards the East”, signing important contracts with Moscow, as one to expand its only nuclear plant with a Russian credit of some 12,000 million euros.
It is not surprising then that Orbán is one of the main critics within the EU of the policy of sanctions against Moscow for the crisis in Ukraine, a neighbor of Hungary in which a small Magyar minority lives.
His geopolitical turn caused strong criticism both inside and outside the country, although everything indicates, according to local analysts, that Orbán will continue with that policy.
To ensure the vote in the premises, the Government postponed after the elections the announcement of several taxes that it considers necessary to keep the public deficit below 3 percent of the Gross Domestic Product (GDP).
But it was the proposal of a tax on the use of Internet, 2.2 euros per month per household, which filled the glass.
Tens of thousands of Hungarians took to the streets of numerous cities in the country to protest against the tax, which was eventually withdrawn by Orbán himself.
What was initially a protest against the Internet rate, became a new platform of dissatisfaction with the Fidesz system.
For local analysts, these mobilizations, together with the confrontation with the United States, may end up reducing support for Fidesz.
The most immediate effect has been a fall of between five and ten percentage points in the support indexes of Fidesz, which remains far from any other party.
The most recent demonstrations criticize not only Fidesz but also the entire political elite of the last 25 years.
The organizers of the demonstrations stay away from the political parties and have organized all the protests in the social network.
The participants are mostly middle-class youth, hitherto politically inactive, say analysts.
What unites them are concrete issues, such as the Internet tax or support for the European Union. In fact, in the demonstrations many of them participated with community flags.
At the moment it is a movement that does not study becoming a political formation and until now the polls have not measured the social support it has.
Anyway, some analysts have already compared the new Hungarian opposition movement with the protest party “Podemos”, which leads the poll of intention to vote in Spain.