Orbán consolidates its power in Hungary, but has a new opposition movement

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Budapest, Dec 16 (EFE) .- The Hungarian Prime Minister, conservative nationalist Victor Orbán, won three elections in 2014 and consolidated his power, but he saw a new opposition movement emerge when trying to introduce a tax on the use of the Internet.

Orbán’s party, the Fidesz, won with overwhelming majority the general, European and local elections, what the followers of the prime minister has interpreted as a carte blanche to continue with what he describes as the “construction” of the country.

This political change, initiated in 2010, has confronted Orban with the European Commission, neighboring countries, the press, Justice, civil society and foreign companies, which have accused him of acting in an authoritarian and undemocratic manner.

The most striking episode was an unusual diplomatic confrontation with the United States, which has barred the entry of several senior Hungarian officials, on suspicion of corruption.

While the fragmented and discredited left competes with the extremist Jobbik party for the status of second political force, far from the two-thirds majority of Fidesz, Orbán and his assure that the “construction” has been completed and that “consolidation” now begins of Hungary.

On the geopolitical side, Orbán accentuated this year its policy of “opening towards the East”, signing important contracts with Moscow, as one to expand its only nuclear plant with a Russian credit of some 12,000 million euros.

It is not surprising then that Orbán is one of the main critics within the EU of the policy of sanctions against Moscow for the crisis in Ukraine, a neighbor of Hungary in which a small Magyar minority lives.

His geopolitical turn caused strong criticism both inside and outside the country, although everything indicates, according to local analysts, that Orbán will continue with that policy.

To ensure the vote in the premises, the Government postponed after the elections the announcement of several taxes that it considers necessary to keep the public deficit below 3 percent of the Gross Domestic Product (GDP).

But it was the proposal of a tax on the use of Internet, 2.2 euros per month per household, which filled the glass.

Tens of thousands of Hungarians took to the streets of numerous cities in the country to protest against the tax, which was eventually withdrawn by Orbán himself.

What was initially a protest against the Internet rate, became a new platform of dissatisfaction with the Fidesz system.

For local analysts, these mobilizations, together with the confrontation with the United States, may end up reducing support for Fidesz.

The most immediate effect has been a fall of between five and ten percentage points in the support indexes of Fidesz, which remains far from any other party.

The most recent demonstrations criticize not only Fidesz but also the entire political elite of the last 25 years.

The organizers of the demonstrations stay away from the political parties and have organized all the protests in the social network.

The participants are mostly middle-class youth, hitherto politically inactive, say analysts.

What unites them are concrete issues, such as the Internet tax or support for the European Union. In fact, in the demonstrations many of them participated with community flags.

At the moment it is a movement that does not study becoming a political formation and until now the polls have not measured the social support it has.

Anyway, some analysts have already compared the new Hungarian opposition movement with the protest party “Podemos”, which leads the poll of intention to vote in Spain.

Including “key” nutrients is perceived as healthier than eating food

Key Nutrients

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I admit, nutritionism is one of my workhorses. This current can also be called nutrient-centrism , an expression that makes the underlying ideology more clear. I mentioned it more or less detailed almost 3 years ago in this post and far from weakening it goes more. I spoke again about the subject after a time when the father of the term nutritionism , Gyorgy Scrinis , published a book in which he addressed its implications monographically. And as I say, every day I see more consumers victims of the fever caused by this ideology. Look how things should be that although slowly, they are beginning to make studies about it. The last, quite recent, highlights that the population attributes isolated nutrients (and not so much to the food that could contain them) a protective factor against chronic diseases .



Before continuing, and for all those who are not up to date I think it is necessary to provide a minimum description of what is meant by nutritionism . In fact it is something very easy to understand, it would be to rest in isolated nutrients general virtues on health independently of the dietary (or supplementary) matrix in which they are included. Its practice would be highlighted in those people who, for example, decide to take a folic acid supplement instead of including in their daily minutes enough foods of vegetable origin that will surely include this vitamin. Or, when a milk drink enriched with omega three is consumed instead of consuming fish in the diet with the appropriate frequency. If every day nutritionism is more fashionable … or if it conditions the behavior of consumers, it is quite evident when we take a walk through the aisles of a supermarket, or when we see advertisements for food products and supplements on television. The truth is that there is an infinite supply of this type of products enriched in whatever . And if that supply that is infinite has been occurring for at least a long decade, it is because the demand, sadly, is also infinite .

This has been highlighted as I said a recent study: Nutrient-centrism and perceived risk of chronic disease ( The nutrient-centrism and the perception of risk of chronic diseases ). In him, 114 students of psychology have been object of study and it was contrasted that for them the description of a diet in terms of nutrients (to mention the nutrients that contained a given diet) was perceived as a more beneficial element for the risk reduction of to suffer certain diseases (diabetes, cardiac pathologies, etc.) that when the same diet was described mentioning the “natural” foods that made it up. I think it’s pretty clear, but I’ll give an example.

In the same way that saying that our pipes are full of dihydrogen monoxide can have negative connotations for many people (although it is the same as saying that our pipes are full of water); in this study it was highlighted that for this sample the saying that someone follows a diet high in magnesium has more protective virtues than if you tell him that what he has is a diet high in spinach … That is, galloping nutritionism.

Which, in addition to being an error, is a major danger since for many years the food industry is bombarding us with allegedly healthy allegations (mentioning these nutrients) in products with a frankly harmful nutritional profile . In this way, not a few consumers prefer (because they perceive it as better) the salutary claims that may include the advertising of some frankfurter sausages “rich in protein and phosphorus”, than the nondescript appearance of a water-washed egg … which, it is not for nothing and from the most strict nutritional point of view, it gives enough turns to the aforementioned sausages.