5 people arrested in Logroño, Villarreal and Palma for defrauding 200,000 euros with fraudulent online loans

5 people arrested in Logroño, Villarreal and Palma for defrauding 200,000 euros with fraudulent online loans

228 victims have been identified scattered throughout the Spanish geography and two records have been made in homes of Logroño, involving numerous physical documentation and computer supports directly related to the criminal acts.

The investigations began based on several complaints filed during the last quarter of last year by citizens of Zaragoza, who reported that several financial credit institutions that operate over the Internet had contacted them to demand the non-payment of small loans, contracted from illegitimately months before with your personal data.

HOW THEY OPERATED.

HOW THEY OPERATED.

The ideologist of the group preconceived the criminal plan, consisting of systematic online hiring of fraudulent loans, continuously and over time, on behalf of and using the personal data of third parties without their consent, in a scoreof financial credit institutions.

Firstly, it analyzed the different requirements of documentary type required to obtain the loans, referred to in the different Internet portals, being indispensable in all cases the personal documentation of the applicant.

To do this, he obtained the photographs of the DNI of the injured, devising a method consisting of

organize job interviews, for a supposed and never effective position offered in Zaragoza, by your company.

That is, the interviewees in search of a job gave their personal documentation for this purpose and then several photographs were taken, the reason for the interview being really the simple obtaining of this documentation.

Then, once he had these photographs in his possession, he falsified various additional documents (payrolls from the Public Administration, bank receipts, supply invoices, etc.), with the purpose of appearing to the highest possible degree of guarantee, based on the requirements of financial entities.

Thus, he requested consumer loans, usually of modest amount, on behalf of these people, supplanting their identity, submitting the necessary documentation and pretending to be the legitimate holder of the same.

These requests were made through Internet, using the contracting facilities that this means and that the financial entities themselves grant, and also used computerized masked connections in order to leave no identifying sign.

Although it was mostly modest loans, the large number of injured (228 have been accounted for) and loans contracted in each (usually three or four), makes the total fraud to the twenty establishments affected credit exceeds 200,000 euros, paying the amount of the same in bank accounts of various entities open ad hoc for this purpose.

These accounts were always in the name of the principal investigated or on behalf of persons of his full trust (the other four detainees, including his wife).

 

The money obtained was quickly arranged

The money obtained was quickly arranged

 when transferred to other accounts, reimbursed in cash at ATMs or used to recharge prepaid cards with which they made various purchases.

With regard to the victims, their names were inserted as debtors in the different files of unpaid in Spain, a fact that poses enormous difficulties when it comes to accessing any financing.

Even they were also taken to trial for these alleged defaults, by the financial credit institutions, ultimately harmed, with time, money, loss of financial reputation and mental burnout that this situation can entail.

Two registers have been practiced in Logroño, involving numerous physical documents and computer supports directly related to the criminal acts. The main detainee, after giving a statement at the police headquarters, was placed at the disposal of the judicial authority in Zaragoza, who decreed his immediate admission to prison.

 

Author Archives: Lali Sandiumenge

M6 against L7a9ed

L7a9ed is the transcription to the web language of the Arabic term lhaqed or Haked. It can be translated as “the pissed off”, the “outraged” or the “outraged”. It is the artistic name of the Moroccan rapper Muad Belghuat, known both for the strength of his songs and because he is one of the faces – or of the voices – best known of the protest movement February 20 that emerged last year to demand a change of true to King Mohamed VI, M6. Muad began rapping in 2006, but the lyrics of his songs became decidedly rebellious with the beginning of the Arab Spring: “Perded the fear. We are fed up with this regime. Wake up sleepy, look at the Egyptians, look at the Tunisians, anyone who …
see more

Freedom for Al Khawaja

Freedom for Al Khawaja

I was in Bahrain in 2007, maybe that’s why I do not forget it. I interviewed human rights defender Abdulhadi al Khawaja there and maybe that’s why I am worried and saddened by his situation. I also met Mohamed al Maskati, a very young activist then who would eventually become Abdulhadi’s son-in-law. Her two sisters-in-law, Maryam and Zeinab al-Khawaja, are two women of the flag. Maryam is one of the people in charge of the Bahrain Center for Human Rights, which her father presided over then. Zeinab is a well-known and tireless activist, on the street and in the network. Yesterday she was arrested before the prison-hospital where her father languished, determined to maintain a hunger strike that, after 58 days, …
see more

The # 29m in the network

I could not be on the ground, but I could be on the net. Cyberspace has been boiling all day and continues to cover extensively and live everything that happens. And the general strike day has been followed here and in many other places, from where information is retweeted and messages of support are sent. As I write, I read a couple of tweets from Egyptian Ahmah H. Aggour, @Pysherize. “Police fire tear gas and rubber bullets at demonstrators in #Barcelona,” he writes. “Let’s go to # Spain and let’s help #Barcelona.” Soon in the morning blogger Wael Abbas has written from Cairo, in Spanish: “The solidarity of Egypt to colleagues in …
see more

American Spring

The American spring has also begun. It was written today by the OccupyWallStreet portal and the banner of one of the protesters of the indignant movement who have paraded in New York to denounce the violence and police arrests. The protest has demanded the resignation of the police commissioner of the city, Ray Kelly, whom they blame for the abuse of power by the security forces and to carry out a dirty war against the Occupy movement, emerged last September, and the Muslim communities. I followed the demonstration live through the ustream and twitter account @OccupyWallSt, which collects and disseminates information about the movement. “I’m shocked but I do not …
see more

Anonymous against the Bahraini regime

Anonymous today announced Operation Bahrain in support of the democratic demands of Bahraini. “We ask the Bahraini authorities to put an end to human rights violations and stop arresting and torturing their citizens,” they say in the video with which they launched the operation. “We are anonymous. We are legion. We do not forgive. We do not forget. Government of Bahrain, wait for us. ” It is not the first time that this enigmatic global movement composed of hacktivists and netizens who act without leaders or organization is involved in the revolts of the Arab street. In January of last year they supported the protests in Tunisia and collapsed a few portals of the …
see more

Every Syrian, a journalist

Every Syrian, a journalist

Bashar al-Assad has turned every Syrian into a journalist. I said it a few days ago to the New York Times Abu Jaffar, an activist from Homs. And in the bloody war for the control of information, every citizen and journalist is an enemy. Abu Jaffar helped remove the bodies of the two informants who died last week during the bombing of a building in the neighborhood of Baba Amr, Mary Colbin and Rémy Ochlik. He recorded them on video and posted the images on the network. The building was targeted by Asad’s artillery because it was used by activists as an information center and perhaps betrayed by satellite transmitters that had been placed on the roof. Javier Espinoza, of the newspaper El Mundo, 

What exactly is the Euribor? What legislation regulates it? How is this reference interest rate on mortgages calculated? Is it falseable? These are some of the questions that the Legal Democracy Real Ya team has been asking for for some time now and which it is trying to answer in the #OpEuribor campaign that they launched this morning on the network. The operation against opacity and the suspicion that the calculation of the index that governs the interest rate paid for mortgage loans can be manipulated has a hashtag and a Twitter account, a Facebook page and a website – in Spanish , English, French and German- which tries to shed some light on how this benchmark index works, the …
see more

“I do not turn off my mobile phone waiting for bad news”

Tomorrow is a year since the beginning of the revolt in Bahrain and tension is increasing in the country as the anniversary approaches. Nothing seems to have changed since thousands of people gathered peacefully at the Pearl of Manama roundabout on February 14, 2011, three days after Hosni Mubarak’s fall in Egypt. Or yes, the situation is getting worse. Trapped in the complex web of regional and international interests, the intifada in this small archipelago of the Gulf is becoming entrenched in a spiral of protests and brutal repression that does not seem to have an end in the short term. Mohamed el Maskati is one of the most active and well-known human rights defenders in the country and one of the …
see more

The mothers of Tahrir

The mothers of Tahrir

I have been following live this morning the departure of the Egyptian mothers in Cairo. They have taken to the streets to defend the lives of their children and to protest the death of those who have lost. They have walked to the Parliament, while the men applauded and encouraged them watching them go by. They shouted a lot, chanting slogans against the military junta, which they demand that he leave power and put an end to the violent repression. “Stop murdering our children,” they have cried with indignation and pain. Thanks to Jazzkhalifa and Ahmed el Massry for rebroadcasting the protest by Bambuser, which could also be followed through the hashtags #egymothers and

Iaios in action

Most have a long past of activism linked to the struggle of the left and anti-Franco or the union and neighborhood movement. Many knew each other before, others have joined the group through friends. All are over 60 and some are approaching 80. Almost all are retired and have time, and, above all, a lot of desire and a lot of energy. They are the “iaioflautas” a group of activist grandparents that emerged in October in the heat of 15M and the encampment of Plaça de Catalunya and that each month organize a direct action on the street, which is more creative and daring. They began in November with the occupation of the Banco Santander office in Paseo de Gracia. This Wednesday, they occupied a bus in protest against the …
see more

 

M6 against L7a9ed

L7a9ed is the transcription to the web language of the Arabic term lhaqed or Haked. It can be translated as “the pissed off”, the “outraged” or the “outraged”. It is the artistic name of the Moroccan rapper Muad Belghuat, known both for the strength of his songs and because he is one of the faces – or of the voices – best known of the protest movement February 20 that emerged last year to demand a change of true to King Mohamed VI, M6. Muad began rapping in 2006, but the lyrics of his songs became decidedly rebellious with the beginning of the Arab Spring: “Perded the fear. We are fed up with this regime. Wake up sleepy, look at the Egyptians, look at the Tunisians, anyone who …
see more

Freedom for Al Khawaja

Freedom for Al Khawaja

I was in Bahrain in 2007, maybe that’s why I do not forget it. I interviewed human rights defender Abdulhadi al Khawaja there and maybe that’s why I am worried and saddened by his situation. I also met Mohamed al Maskati, a very young activist then who would eventually become Abdulhadi’s son-in-law. Her two sisters-in-law, Maryam and Zeinab al-Khawaja, are two women of the flag. Maryam is one of the people in charge of the Bahrain Center for Human Rights, which her father presided over then. Zeinab is a well-known and tireless activist, on the street and in the network. Yesterday she was arrested before the prison-hospital where her father languished, determined to maintain a hunger strike that, after 58 days, …
see more

The # 29m in the network

The # 29m in the network

I could not be on the ground, but I could be on the net. Cyberspace has been boiling all day and continues to cover extensively and live everything that happens. And the general strike day has been followed here and in many other places, from where information is retweeted and messages of support are sent. As I write, I read a couple of tweets from Egyptian Ahmah H. Aggour, @Pysherize. “Police fire tear gas and rubber bullets at demonstrators in #Barcelona,” he writes. “Let’s go to # Spain and let’s help #Barcelona.” Soon in the morning blogger Wael Abbas has written from Cairo, in Spanish: “The solidarity of Egypt to colleagues in …
see more

American Spring

American Spring

The American spring has also begun. It was written today by the OccupyWallStreet portal and the banner of one of the protesters of the indignant movement who have paraded in New York to denounce the violence and police arrests. The protest has demanded the resignation of the police commissioner of the city, Ray Kelly, whom they blame for the abuse of power by the security forces and to carry out a dirty war against the Occupy movement, emerged last September, and the Muslim communities. I followed the demonstration live through the ustream and twitter account @OccupyWallSt, which collects and disseminates information about the movement. “I’m shocked but I do not …
see more

Anonymous against the Bahraini regime

Anonymous against the Bahraini regime

Anonymous today announced Operation Bahrain in support of the democratic demands of Bahraini. “We ask the Bahraini authorities to put an end to human rights violations and stop arresting and torturing their citizens,” they say in the video with which they launched the operation. “We are anonymous. We are legion. We do not forgive. We do not forget. Government of Bahrain, wait for us. ” It is not the first time that this enigmatic global movement composed of hacktivists and netizens who act without leaders or organization is involved in the revolts of the Arab street. In January of last year they supported the protests in Tunisia and collapsed a few portals of the …
see more

Every Syrian, a journalist

Bashar al-Assad has turned every Syrian into a journalist. I said it a few days ago to the New York Times Abu Jaffar, an activist from Homs. And in the bloody war for the control of information, every citizen and journalist is an enemy. Abu Jaffar helped remove the bodies of the two informants who died last week during the bombing of a building in the neighborhood of Baba Amr, Mary Colbin and Rémy Ochlik. He recorded them on video and posted the images on the network. The building was targeted by Asad’s artillery because it was used by activists as an information center and perhaps betrayed by satellite transmitters that had been placed on the roof. Javier Espinoza, of the newspaper El Mundo, was also …
see more

#OpEuribor

What exactly is the Euribor? What legislation regulates it? How is this reference interest rate on mortgages calculated? Is it falseable? These are some of the questions that the Legal Democracy Real Ya team has been asking for for some time now and which it is trying to answer in the #OpEuribor campaign that they launched this morning on the network. The operation against opacity and the suspicion that the calculation of the index that governs the interest rate paid for mortgage loans can be manipulated has a hashtag and a Twitter account, a Facebook page and a website – in Spanish , English, French and German- which tries to shed some light on how this benchmark index works, the …
see more

“I do not turn off my mobile phone waiting for bad news”

"I do not turn off my mobile phone waiting for bad news"

Tomorrow is a year since the beginning of the revolt in Bahrain and tension is increasing in the country as the anniversary approaches. Nothing seems to have changed since thousands of people gathered peacefully at the Pearl of Manama roundabout on February 14, 2011, three days after Hosni Mubarak’s fall in Egypt. Or yes, the situation is getting worse. Trapped in the complex web of regional and international interests, the intifada in this small archipelago of the Gulf is becoming entrenched in a spiral of protests and brutal repression that does not seem to have an end in the short term. Mohamed el Maskati is one of the most active and well-known human rights defenders in the country and one of the 

The mothers of Tahrir

The mothers of Tahrir

I have been following live this morning the departure of the Egyptian mothers in Cairo. They have taken to the streets to defend the lives of their children and to protest the death of those who have lost. They have walked to the Parliament, while the men applauded and encouraged them watching them go by. They shouted a lot, chanting slogans against the military junta, which they demand that he leave power and put an end to the violent repression. “Stop murdering our children,” they have cried with indignation and pain. Thanks to Jazzkhalifa and Ahmed el Massry for rebroadcasting the protest by Bambuser, which could also be followed through the hashtags

Iaios in action

Iaios in action

Most have a long past of activism linked to the struggle of the left and anti-Franco or the union and neighborhood movement. Many knew each other before, others have joined the group through friends. All are over 60 and some are approaching 80. Almost all are retired and have time, and, above all, a lot of desire and a lot of energy. They are the “iaioflautas” a group of activist grandparents that emerged in October in the heat of 15M and the encampment of Plaça de Catalunya and that each month organize a direct action on the street, which is more creative and daring. They began in November with the occupation of the Banco Santander office in Paseo de Gracia. This Wednesday, they occupied a bus in protest against the …
see more

The hour of the moderates

 History does not repeat itself And it is not cyclical either.

History does not repeat itself And it is not cyclical either.

There is always, in historical processes, some new element that prevents drawing simplifying and inaccurate symmetries. But it is true that there are times that rhyme with others. This is what happens today: the Second Monarchical Restoration, in the person of King Don Juan Carlos, begins to rhyme with the final stage of the First Restoration, initiated with Don Alfonso XII and which concluded, after a long reign, with the abdication of Don Alfonso XIII. And I do not say this because I believe that we are on the verge of repeating the outcome, but because I understand that there are analogous presuppositions in both moments, capable of triggering today a political crisis whose meaning and scope I am unable to foresee. These budgets are: 1. The marginalization by the political system of a significant part of the citizenry. 2. Rampant corruption. 3. The discredit of politics and politicians.

 

The most serious error of the First Restoration was the marginalization of the working class

 absent from the turn of parties: Cánovas / Sagasta and their respective successors – and the Republicans – which was not corrected by the wasteful effort of the Moderate Party, founded now a century by Melquíades Álvarez-. The current marginalization has nothing to do with that, but it exists and is growing. The first sign of alarm -small but significant- was given by the indignant , so praised by some as none by others. But it is that, beyond the outraged , what begins to be perceptible is the division of society into two groups, which I call the “installed” and the “not installed.” I include within the “installed” those who, because of their work or professional situation,

enjoy a solid position, that is, not only the officials, but tutti quanti are integrated into stable structures – whatever they may be – and have effective instruments of self-defense; and I consider, however, as “not installed”, those who lack a comparable security. Many of these “not installed” are young, but not all, because the most serious of the current situation is that large sectors of the middle class impoverished by the crisis are entering this group. Look, please, the demonstrations that take place -I do not mean the student rabble- and you will see that many are citizens who, a few years ago, nobody would have imagined in such a trance. And there is only one explanation: they are desperate and no longer believe in anything or anyone.

Regarding rampant corruption I can not say that you do not know.

Regarding rampant corruption I can not say that you do not know.

Only to add that, to the social debasement that corruption causes, we must add the one caused by exorbitant remunerations lacking proportionality and logic, a tax system that discriminates against labor income, and inequalities that already reach unsustainable limits.

There is also little to add to the discredit of politics and politicians. The correct trajectory of service displayed by many of them is covered by the instrumentalization of politics by partisan leaders, made up of perennial politicians, who seem to have no goal other than the achievement and preservation of power, putting the service of this objective a boundless sectarianism and a systematic conversion of the adversary into an enemy.

This being the case, the current problem in Spain is more political than economic.

This being the case, the current problem in Spain is more political than economic.

I am not unaware of the magnitude of the external private debt that has to be amortized and the dramatic cuts that this requires, but I also know that there is a non-negligible productive fabric, that there is human and financial capital, that the infrastructures are more than enough, that we have in the world, a cultural environment that favors our expansion, and that all these resources are only waiting for structural reforms that restore confidence and make possible the recovery of consumption, investment and credit.

The problem lies in the inability exhibited until recently by politicians to face reality, as well as in the Cainite confrontation that still exists between the two major parties, which prevents them from adopting together those difficult decisions that, in a well-constituted State, they would provoke the unity of the dominant political forces.

There is a lot of talk about giving politics back to politics. It is necessary, but it will only be possible if politicians confront the capital issues by consensus, because only in this way will they be able to counteract the corporate resistances that will have to overcome, both on the right and on the left. Is this chance possible? I would like to believe that yes, although the way in which PP and PSOE have faced the latest street incidents does not pay for optimism. But let’s hope that the moderates on both sides can impose their respective tenors and wild boar.

The EU today takes measures to protect its companies in Iran against US sanctions.

The EU today takes measures to protect its companies in Iran against US sanctions.

Two Iranian women walk in front of the US embassy in Tehran (Ali Mohammadi / Bloomberg) Share on Facebook Share on Twitter Share on Whatsapp 0 > 07/08/2018 08:29 | Updated 07/08/2018 16:50 Related topics

The European Union (EU) makes effective this Tuesday a series of measures to limit the impact of US sanctions on Iran in European companies, opening the door to claim compensation for damages and protect Europeans doing business with the Republic Islamic

Given the concern of European businesses with the Persian country, Brussels has updated its legislation to reassure investors and ensure they recover the damage they may cause those extraterritorial sanctions considered “illegitimate,” European sources said.

If the sanctions of the United States are aimed at regulating the conduct of European Union companies even though they are not related to US law, they are illegitimate and illegal.

“If the sanctions of the United States are aimed at regulating the conduct of the companies of the European Union even if it is not related to the US legislation, they are illegitimate and illegal,” the sources said. According to the EU, companies will have to respect the sanctions but this mechanism will allow them to “mitigate their impact”.

Legally, the measures suppose an update of legislation already in force since 1996, known as the “blockade statute”, in response to possible extraterritorial sanctions against Cuba, Iran and Libya. Brussels already announced in May that it would update this statute, when the United States decided to withdraw unilaterally from the nuclear pact sponsored by the UN Security Council.

Its implementation is updated today following the announcement of the resumption of sanctions by Washington, with which it seeks to economically isolate the Iranian Executive, forcing foreign companies to reduce or close their businesses in the Persian country.

Rulings in foreign courts based on these sanctions will be annulled

Rulings in foreign courts based on these sanctions will be annulled

Brussels hopes to give legal protection to its companies, “especially those that do not have a physical presence in the United States”, with a “legal protection” that minimizes risk by canceling the set of decisions that emanate from these sanctions and affect companies European In addition, it will annul in the community territory the judgments in foreign courts based on said sanctions and will specifically prohibit European citizens compliance.

In this way, according to EU legislation, European companies can denounce not only the United States for the damages that these sanctions may cause, but also American or European firms that decide to unilaterally break a contract as a result of Washington’s impositions.

Authorization to abandon activities in Iran

In case of wanting to abandon their activities in Iran as a result of sanctions, European companies will have to ask for an express authorization from the European Commission (EC), which will be able to make exceptions only if the companies manage to prove that Washington’s measures hinder their activity .

The measures seek to maintain the preservation of the EU’s financial channels with Iran and ensure the export of Iranian gas and oil, and reiterate support for the implementation of the agreement, “fundamental for the security of the EU,” the sources stressed. “The EU will remain firm in its protection of the economic actors that do business with the Islamic Republic in accordance with the provisions of the UN Security Council and community law,” they added.

In addition, the EU reiterates the need to “maintain a structured dialogue” to guarantee the implementation of the agreement, which according to the UN Iran is respecting, and ensure the normalization of economic and trade relations with that country, especially in key sectors such as banking and finance, oil or transport.

On the other hand, the EC had launched a process in May aimed at removing obstacles for the European Investment Bank (EIB) to finance activities in Iran, although sources from this institution told Efe today that it “is not currently a financial instrument in the country. ” “We also depend on the fluctuations of the market and we would be equally affected by the sanctions, so we are not a viable financing instrument,” said the sources, who assured that the EIB does not currently finance any activity in Iran.

 

The Government renews the short credits with the bank to avoid more defaults

Economia agrees with BBVA, CaixaBank and Sabadell maturities of one and six months

Image result for caixabankThe Government of the Government has opted to postpone the problems of liquidity that has caused the expiration of short-term loans for more than 1,000 million euros, renegotiating new deadlines very limited with creditor financial institutions waiting for the central government authorize them to convert them in the long term and, finally, end up in the hands of the Autonomic Liquidity Fund (FLA).

Yesterday, the Govern issued a statement in which it reported the renewal “during 2016 of all lines of credit and short-term loans with the corresponding financial institutions for a value of 1,072 million euros.”

These loans correspond to three credit institutions, CaixaBank , Banc Sabadell and BBVA . The BBVA loan, for around 100 million euros, was due since the end of last year and, in accordance with the stipulations of the financial prudence legislation, generated 2% late interest (200 basis points in technical jargon).

The entity chaired by Francisco González agreed with the Departament d’Economia de la Generalitat, which is headed by vice-president Oriol Junqueras, to renew this financing for a period of six months, with the payment of the corresponding late payment interest. . This credit was the most pressing, since the default was close to 90 days after which the entity must provide this credit, which triggers the financial cost.

In the case of CaixaBank, chaired by Isidro Fainé, the option has been to renew these credits, for an amount of around 800 million euros, with monthly maturities, at a minimum cost of 0.05%. Finally, the Sabadell, whose financing for a figure of around 290 million expired at the end of last February, the renewal has also been made to six months, but in this case the entity chaired by Josep Oliu has waived the collection of interest for late payment.

 

Provisional Exit

Image result for exitThe Departament d’Economia has opted for this provisional exit in order to avoid greater evils, among them that the interests of these debts will skyrocket. The sources consulted by this newspaper have indicated that the previous Govern, headed by Artur Mas and with Andreu Mas-Colell as head of Economy, had informed the Ministry of Finance and Public Administrations last October, whose head is Cristóbal Montoro, his oppressors. financing needs, requesting at the time the conversion of most of that short debt into long-term debt.

The current regulations of the FLA establishes that this mechanism assumes the debts of the autonomous communities that have adhered to it, when the expiration date comes, provided that it is a period of more than one year.

After this first formal request, the Catalan administration assures, and in view of the fact that the aforementioned authorization was not approved, which must be carried out by a Council of Ministers, it was interested several times before the Treasury, always without obtaining a definitive answer. The same sources point out that, however, this authorization has arrived for other autonomous communities in similar or similar situations of financial distress.

Yesterday, the Govern reported that after the renewal of short-term credits “the amount of this request for authorization to sign long-term operations has been extended to 1,614 million euros, by incorporating new operations that come to an end, according to the agreement with financial entities. “

In addition, the heads of the Government have raised to the Treasury to advance 700 million on account of the settlement of the regional financing system of 2014, which the central government pays between June and July, to meet their cash needs, especially the payment of the extraordinary pay of June of the officials of the Catalan administration. Montoro has raised his initial rejection to the advancement of the calendar.

The superfan of the Impressionists

The superfan of the Impressionists

Paul Durand-Ruel (1831-1922) spent twenty years intent on exposing the work of artists whom everyone believed to be painters (they would eventually become famous as “impressionists”). And, to be honest, his obstinacy had begun much earlier: for more than ten years he defended the landscapers of the 1830 school, or Barbizon , tooth and nail until he got his works accepted in the art market.

Durand-Ruel did not feel great sympathy for the Revolution or for the Republic. He declared himself monarchist at all costs, and contrary to universal suffrage. However, first of all he was a patriot, and for the good of the country he could get along with whomever was needed. As with Prime Minister Georges Clemenceau , a republican to the core. The same happened with religion. He was a Catholic of the daily mass, who even came to be arrested for protesting laws that suppressed religious acts. But this did not stop him from dealing with all kinds of artists, regardless of their political and religious beliefs, from the republican atheist Claude Monet to the anarchist Jew Camille Pissarro , passing by the commune Gustave Courbet (to whom he kept several works so that they were not confiscated by the State after the insurrectional episode of the Paris Commune of 1871 ).

The profession of dealer learned it from his father, Jean Durand-Ruel. At the Galerie Durand-Ruel, Paul grew up surrounded by painters and paintings. While helping his father, he traveled throughout the provinces and throughout Europe to participate in auctions , and visited museums throughout the continent, in which he conscientiously trained his eyes. Like his father, he achieved recognition as an authenticator of works of art.

With the outbreak of the Franco-Prussian War in 1870, he moved to London

With the outbreak of the Franco-Prussian War in 1870, he moved to London

But his vocation as a dealer was clearly manifested at the Universal Exposition of 1855 in Paris . He fell in love with the work of the romantic painter Delacroix, who showed 35 works in it. He enthusiastically bought works by the members of the school of 1830 (by Delacroix himself, Corot, the school of Barbizon, Courbet and Daumier ), all of them despised by the critics of the moment, until he managed to get the public to accept them from the end from the 1860s.

With the outbreak of the Franco-Prussian War in 1870 , he moved to London, where he opened a gallery (“German Gallery”, as he was inexplicably nicknamed) to exhibit works by French artists. In the British capital he fell in love with Impressionism , a passion that would last him forever. In his gallery, Durand-Ruel organized exhibitions in which he mixed conventional established artists, such as Corot, Millet, Courbet or Daubigny, with more risky ones, trying to attract a new clientele.

Upon returning to France, he met friends and colleagues of Monet and Pissarro: Degas, Puvis de Chavannes, Renoir, Sisley, Boudin, Morisot … But Durand and his admired artists sailed against the current. The academic world and the critics mocked the Impressionist works without fuss.

In 1873 he began to pass on to his group of impressionists a monthly sum, which gave them the freedom to work without having to attend to daily survival. Not only that: he also took care of the cost of materials , rent payments and even medical bills. In exchange for this gentlemen’s agreement (nothing was ever written), Durand-Ruel had exclusivity over the work of his artists (or at least the right to be the first to see his works), which would allow him to inflate prices .

Durand-Ruel was a close friend of many of the Impressionist painters and not only supported them financially, he also tried to help them with everything.

Durand-Ruel was a close friend of many of the Impressionist painters and not only supported them financially, he also tried to help them with everything.

But his lifelong customers did not believe his new aesthetic choice. To such an extent the business fell that, beset by debts, had to part with its private collection from the Barbizon school . He did it through intermediaries, because his name at that time was like mentioning the plague. Despite being in ruins, continued betting on Impressionism and believing in the effectiveness of exposing the works to win their acceptance based on insistence.

Durand-Ruel’s support for his artists had not only been financial, but also personal. He was intimate with many of them, and he tried to help them in everything . He often had to appease the always dissatisfied Monet, whom he even offered a room in his apartment to paint in peace. Many of them, in turn, corresponded with identical fidelity .

The United States would become the salvation of Durand-Ruel and the Impressionists. In 1885 he received an invitation to mount an exhibition, with all expenses paid, at the American Art Association in New York . There was the dealer with 300 works, and that he had to hear the gingerbread of some of his artists.

Puvis de Chavannes refused to participate in the show, and Monet was concerned that his paintings would leave the country “on the way to the land of the Yankees” … Durand had a reputation in the United States as a promoter of the Barbizon , and both the public as collectors approached his exhibition in 1886 without preconceived ideas.

The exhibition had to be extended and moved to larger facilities, and American collectors were encouraged to buy. Comforted, he coordinated another exhibition the following year, and opened a gallery in New York in 1888 . The times for borrowing had been left behind. In 1894 he buried his debts completely.

In 1905, Durand-Ruel organized at the Grafton Galleries in London what remains the largest and best exhibition of impressionist painting.

In 1905, Durand-Ruel organized at the Grafton Galleries in London what remains the largest and best exhibition of impressionist painting.

After the American success, Europeans would slowly come to accept Impressionism. In 1905, Durand-Ruel organized at the Grafton Galleries in London what remains the largest and best exhibition of impressionist painting . Only 13 works were sold, almost all to foreign collectors, but it received more than eleven thousand visitors.

In 1924, two years after his death, Monet confessed: ” All impressionists would have died of hunger without Durand-Ruel. We owe it all. ” Durand had first destroyed the state monopoly of the Académie Française on aesthetic values ​​with its commitment to the artists of the Barbizon, and had reached the point of anticipating the taste of world criticism by encouraging the Impressionists.

Orbán consolidates its power in Hungary, but has a new opposition movement

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Budapest, Dec 16 (EFE) .- The Hungarian Prime Minister, conservative nationalist Victor Orbán, won three elections in 2014 and consolidated his power, but he saw a new opposition movement emerge when trying to introduce a tax on the use of the Internet.

Orbán’s party, the Fidesz, won with overwhelming majority the general, European and local elections, what the followers of the prime minister has interpreted as a carte blanche to continue with what he describes as the “construction” of the country.

This political change, initiated in 2010, has confronted Orban with the European Commission, neighboring countries, the press, Justice, civil society and foreign companies, which have accused him of acting in an authoritarian and undemocratic manner.

The most striking episode was an unusual diplomatic confrontation with the United States, which has barred the entry of several senior Hungarian officials, on suspicion of corruption.

While the fragmented and discredited left competes with the extremist Jobbik party for the status of second political force, far from the two-thirds majority of Fidesz, Orbán and his assure that the “construction” has been completed and that “consolidation” now begins of Hungary.

On the geopolitical side, Orbán accentuated this year its policy of “opening towards the East”, signing important contracts with Moscow, as one to expand its only nuclear plant with a Russian credit of some 12,000 million euros.

It is not surprising then that Orbán is one of the main critics within the EU of the policy of sanctions against Moscow for the crisis in Ukraine, a neighbor of Hungary in which a small Magyar minority lives.

His geopolitical turn caused strong criticism both inside and outside the country, although everything indicates, according to local analysts, that Orbán will continue with that policy.

To ensure the vote in the premises, the Government postponed after the elections the announcement of several taxes that it considers necessary to keep the public deficit below 3 percent of the Gross Domestic Product (GDP).

But it was the proposal of a tax on the use of Internet, 2.2 euros per month per household, which filled the glass.

Tens of thousands of Hungarians took to the streets of numerous cities in the country to protest against the tax, which was eventually withdrawn by Orbán himself.

What was initially a protest against the Internet rate, became a new platform of dissatisfaction with the Fidesz system.

For local analysts, these mobilizations, together with the confrontation with the United States, may end up reducing support for Fidesz.

The most immediate effect has been a fall of between five and ten percentage points in the support indexes of Fidesz, which remains far from any other party.

The most recent demonstrations criticize not only Fidesz but also the entire political elite of the last 25 years.

The organizers of the demonstrations stay away from the political parties and have organized all the protests in the social network.

The participants are mostly middle-class youth, hitherto politically inactive, say analysts.

What unites them are concrete issues, such as the Internet tax or support for the European Union. In fact, in the demonstrations many of them participated with community flags.

At the moment it is a movement that does not study becoming a political formation and until now the polls have not measured the social support it has.

Anyway, some analysts have already compared the new Hungarian opposition movement with the protest party “Podemos”, which leads the poll of intention to vote in Spain.

Including “key” nutrients is perceived as healthier than eating food

Key Nutrients

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I admit, nutritionism is one of my workhorses. This current can also be called nutrient-centrism , an expression that makes the underlying ideology more clear. I mentioned it more or less detailed almost 3 years ago in this post and far from weakening it goes more. I spoke again about the subject after a time when the father of the term nutritionism , Gyorgy Scrinis , published a book in which he addressed its implications monographically. And as I say, every day I see more consumers victims of the fever caused by this ideology. Look how things should be that although slowly, they are beginning to make studies about it. The last, quite recent, highlights that the population attributes isolated nutrients (and not so much to the food that could contain them) a protective factor against chronic diseases .

Nutritionism

Nutritionism

Before continuing, and for all those who are not up to date I think it is necessary to provide a minimum description of what is meant by nutritionism . In fact it is something very easy to understand, it would be to rest in isolated nutrients general virtues on health independently of the dietary (or supplementary) matrix in which they are included. Its practice would be highlighted in those people who, for example, decide to take a folic acid supplement instead of including in their daily minutes enough foods of vegetable origin that will surely include this vitamin. Or, when a milk drink enriched with omega three is consumed instead of consuming fish in the diet with the appropriate frequency. If every day nutritionism is more fashionable … or if it conditions the behavior of consumers, it is quite evident when we take a walk through the aisles of a supermarket, or when we see advertisements for food products and supplements on television. The truth is that there is an infinite supply of this type of products enriched in whatever . And if that supply that is infinite has been occurring for at least a long decade, it is because the demand, sadly, is also infinite .

This has been highlighted as I said a recent study: Nutrient-centrism and perceived risk of chronic disease ( The nutrient-centrism and the perception of risk of chronic diseases ). In him, 114 students of psychology have been object of study and it was contrasted that for them the description of a diet in terms of nutrients (to mention the nutrients that contained a given diet) was perceived as a more beneficial element for the risk reduction of to suffer certain diseases (diabetes, cardiac pathologies, etc.) that when the same diet was described mentioning the “natural” foods that made it up. I think it’s pretty clear, but I’ll give an example.

In the same way that saying that our pipes are full of dihydrogen monoxide can have negative connotations for many people (although it is the same as saying that our pipes are full of water); in this study it was highlighted that for this sample the saying that someone follows a diet high in magnesium has more protective virtues than if you tell him that what he has is a diet high in spinach … That is, galloping nutritionism.

Which, in addition to being an error, is a major danger since for many years the food industry is bombarding us with allegedly healthy allegations (mentioning these nutrients) in products with a frankly harmful nutritional profile . In this way, not a few consumers prefer (because they perceive it as better) the salutary claims that may include the advertising of some frankfurter sausages “rich in protein and phosphorus”, than the nondescript appearance of a water-washed egg … which, it is not for nothing and from the most strict nutritional point of view, it gives enough turns to the aforementioned sausages.